Recent Books (Fiction)

  • Robert J. Sawyer: WWW: Wake

    Robert J. Sawyer: WWW: Wake
    The opening volume of a three-decker novel. Separate stories are launched but haven't yet come together. Protagonists are a blind girl whose recovery of her sight triggers the emergence of an Internet-based sapience, an artistic chimpanzee and a dissident behind the Great Firewall of China. 2010 Hugo Award nominee (****)

  • Paolo Bacigalupi: The Windup Girl

    Paolo Bacigalupi: The Windup Girl
    The environmentalist worst-case scenario comes to life in this novel set in a dystopic Thailand. Seas are rising, cheap energy is gone, genetic modification is out of control, artificial human beings are enslaved. The setting isn't very coherent, and almost all of the characters are unlikable, but the story moves along powerfully. 2010 Hugo Award nominee (****)

  • Cherie Priest: Boneshaker

    Cherie Priest: Boneshaker
    Zombies, balloonists, a lost boy, a desperate mother, a mad scientist and more in a toxic, steampunk version of Seattle. Suspension of disbelief is stretched very hard. 2010 Hugo Award nominee (****)

  • Dan Simmons: Drood: A Novel

    Dan Simmons: Drood: A Novel
    Mysterious events in the life of Charles Dickens, as told by his friend and rival Wilkie Collins. The plot involves involves mesmerism, violent deaths, an ancient Egyptian cult, specters, brain-eating scarabs, a Wilkie doppelgänger, and a gigantic conflagration beneath the streets of London. Or does it? The opium-addled Collins is the exemplar of the doubtfully reliable narrator. (*****)

  • Richard Calder: Babylon
    A teenage girl in an alternative Victorian England, where the cult of Ishtar remains a living force, escapes her unhappy home for the fantastic world of "Babylon". She is to be trained as a sacred whore but is soon caught up in a secret war between the Illuminati, who dominate Earth, and their vicious enemies, the "Black Order". Her ultimate fate is bizarre indeed. (****)
  • Shauna Roberts: Like Mayflies in a Stream

    Shauna Roberts: Like Mayflies in a Stream
    The epic of Gilgamesh, retold with the mythical elements kept to a minimum and an emphasis on how unpleasant it can be to live in the vicinity of a legendary hero. The heroine is well done: a woman who shapes her own life without being an anachronistic proto-feminist. The author's attention to historical and archaeological data is commendable. (****)

  • Jack McDevitt: Time Travelers Never Die

    Jack McDevitt: Time Travelers Never Die
    A pleasant, though insubstantial, addition to an overcrowded subgenre. After inheriting a time machine, an aimless young man and his friend play temporal tourists. Not a whole lot ensues, and there are some silly mistakes (such as Greeks wearing togas). Still, it goes down smoothly, and the inevitable paradoxes are handled quite well. (****)

  • Theodore Odrach: Wave of Terror

    Theodore Odrach: Wave of Terror
    Based on the author's experiences when the Soviet Union occupied his homeland after the Stalin-Hitler Pact, this book melds Chekov and Solzhenitsyn. By stages, the isolated folk of the Pripyet Marshes learn that there are worse masters than their former Polish overlords. (*****)

  • Simon Montefiore: Sashenka: A Novel

    Simon Montefiore: Sashenka: A Novel
    Both grim and funny, this historical novel peers into the inner world of an upper class Russian girl turned loyal Bolshevik, highlighting her youthful fling at revolution-making in Petrograd, her fall from grace under Stalin, and an historian's effort, after the end of communism, to ascertain her fate. (*****)

  • Charles L. Harness: Cybele, With Bluebonnets

    Charles L. Harness: Cybele, With Bluebonnets
    A touching, understated fantasy featuring Depression era Texas, youthful romance, chemistry, a ghost and love beyond death. (****)

  • Tim Powers: On Stranger Tides

    Tim Powers: On Stranger Tides
    The classic tale of piracy and the supernatural. What the Pirates of the Caribbean movies should have been. (*****)

  • Harry Turtledove: After the Downfall

    Harry Turtledove: After the Downfall
    Magically plucked from Berlin in 1945, a Nazi soldier finds himself in a parallel world that challenges his cultural assumptions. A well delineated picture of conflict between widely disparate civilizations, with a reminder that backwardness is not the same as stupidity. (****)

  • Harry Turtledove: The Man with the Iron Heart

    Harry Turtledove: The Man with the Iron Heart
    Can the U.S. maintain its resolve against a defeated enemy's terrorist campaign? Imagining a post-World War II Nazi insurgency, Harry Turtledove puts this question into a new context. As Reinhard von Heydrich's "werewolves" devastate Germany, war-weary Americans call for withdrawal, regardless of the consequences. (*****)

  • Terry Pratchett: Nation

    Terry Pratchett: Nation
    The first non-Discworld Pratchett in decades has the familiar mix of serious plotting and underlying farce, as an iconoclastic Polynesian lad and a properly raised Victorian lass carry on through tsunami, plague, shipwreck, pigs, pantaloon birds, gods, grandparents and cannibals. A tribute to courage in the face of physical and metaphysical ordeals - and funny, too! (*****)

  • Joe Haldeman: Marsbound

    Joe Haldeman: Marsbound
    Martian colonies are an old subject for SF, and this novel is in some ways an old-fashioned treatment, with the traditional elements of young settler, contact with Martians, and an alien menace. The plot and characters are so well done, however, that the story is fresh. The flavor is Heinleinesque, but the heroine is no Podkayne of Mars. (*****)

  • Neal Stephenson: Anathem

    Neal Stephenson: Anathem
    If you have not a smidgen of interest in how Platonic philosophy relates to the "many worlds" version of quantum mechanics, you still may like this novel, though you'll probably wish that the characters talked less. Persevere. After a slow start, the story grows compelling, and the intellectual dialogues turn out not to be digressions. (*****)

  • Charles Stross: Halting State

    Charles Stross: Halting State
    A bank robbery inside an on-line RPG leads throws a misfit programmer and an introverted forensic accountant into a real life game, international intrigue and each other's arms. May be the first readable novel ever written in the second person singular. 2008 Hugo Award nominee. (****)

  • John Scalzi: The Last Colony

    John Scalzi: The Last Colony
    Space opera in a universe much like a computer game setting. The super-soldiers of Old Man's War and The Ghost Brigades, now retired, find themselves at the focus of a galactic war. Helped by luck, enemy idiocy and aliens ex machina, mankind survives. 2008 Hugo Award nominee. (****)

  • Joe Haldeman: The Accidental Time Machine

    Joe Haldeman: The Accidental Time Machine
    Maybe all the variations on time travel are played out, but Joe Haldeman makes the old tropes enjoyable in this story of a down-on-his-luck grad student who invents a time machine without really trying. The resolution of the ensuing paradoxes comes very near to being credible. (****)

  • Ian McDonald: Brasyl

    Ian McDonald: Brasyl
    Three Brazils - past, present and future - twined together by a multiverse-wide conflict. The heroes are mostly antiheroic, and the milieu is more frenetic than credible, but it's no surprise that this novel is a 2008 Hugo Award nominee. I much preferred River of Gods and the author's other future-India tales. (***)

  • Connie Willis: All Seated on the Ground

    Connie Willis: All Seated on the Ground
    Connie Willis's annual Christmas story; a comedy about alien visitors who act much like annoyed maiden aunts. Making contact is a twin triumph of civility and true love. The story is also a good test of your knowledge of Christmas carols. 2008 Best Novella Hugo Award nominee. (*****)

  • Robert Ferrigno: Sins of the Assassin

    Robert Ferrigno: Sins of the Assassin
    The middle volume of a trilogy about a near-future, Moslem-dominated U.S. Most of the action takes place in the independent "Bible Belt", where resistance to Islamic domination is sometimes heroic and sometimes pathological. More of a pure thriller than its predecessor but good on its own terms (****)

  • Michael Chabon: The Yiddish Policemen's Union

    Michael Chabon: The Yiddish Policemen's Union
    I either mildly like or sharply detest this blend of hard-boiled detective story and alternate history; I'm not sure which. The setting is as grotesque as Gormenghast, the prose is as overwrought as Clark Ashton Smith's, and the hero cop makes Philip Marlowe look like a gentleman. The book oozes atmosphere, but maybe it's a little toxic. 2008 Hugo Award nominee. (***)

  • Mike Resnick: A Club in Montmartre: An Encounter with Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

    Mike Resnick: A Club in Montmartre: An Encounter with Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
    Something different from this SF great's facile pen: An historical novel about Toulouse-Lautrec and the creation of his famous Moulin Rouge poster, seen from the point of view of a waif sheltered by the troubled artist. One in a series called Art Encounters, aimed at YA's but instructive and entertaining for anyone. (*****)

  • Connie Willis: D.A.

    Connie Willis: D.A.
    Connie Willis sends up overfamiliar "space academy" stories with this one about the only girl on Earth who has no desire to enroll. Then she is informed that her "application" has been accepted. Is it a weird mistake? A devious plot? Can she get out? Funny, though the moral is rather pat. (*****)

  • Kathleen Ann Goonan: In War Times

    Kathleen Ann Goonan: In War Times
    The author builds this multiple universes story around her father's World War II diary, which is at least as interesting as the energetic, but not wholly coherent, main plot. The ending is a JFK assassination theory with a Ron Paulian(!) twist. Also included is more than I wanted to read about the WWII jazz scene. Overall, a book I would have liked to like better and that others may enjoy vastly. (****)

  • Marie Phillips: Gods Behaving Badly: A Novel

    Marie Phillips: Gods Behaving Badly: A Novel
    Pagan gods lingering, with diminishing powers, into the modern world isn't a new idea, but this tale is a pretty good use of it. The personalities of Artemis, Apollo, Aphrodite et al. are deftly fitted into present day London. The humans in the story, a couple of shy underachievers, are a bit drippy, and the resolution to the gods' difficulties is one that would be highly unpleasant for us mortals. (***)

  • Alfred Duggan: Lord Geoffrey's Fancy

    Alfred Duggan: Lord Geoffrey's Fancy
    Perhaps the finest book of one of England's finest historical novelists. The setting is 13th Century Greece, where Crusaders fought each other and the shattered Byzantine Empire. The history is accurate, the writing graceful and the characters not merely modern people in fancy dress. (*****)

  • Clark Ashton Smith: The White Sybil and Other Stories

    Clark Ashton Smith: The White Sybil and Other Stories
    A slim, representative sampling of Ashton Smith's weird, richly worded fiction. The best pieces are highly readable today; the less good are at least entertaining and will enhance the reader's vocabulary. (****)

  • Robert J. Sawyer: Rollback

    Robert J. Sawyer: Rollback
    Life extension and first contact are the twin themes of Sawyer's latest novel. Intermixed is a good deal of thoughtful, though elementary, philosophical pondering. "Rollback" is a hugely expensive procedure for restoring youth. A benefactor offers it to the world's foremost SETI researcher after an alien culture replies to a message she sent 37 years ago. She will accept the gift only if her husband gets the treatment, too. Then things go wrong. High quality work by a first rate, if slightly didactic, writer. 2008 Hugo Award nominee. (****)

  • Michael Flynn: Eifelheim

    Michael Flynn: Eifelheim
    A double narrative: the appearance of shipwrecked aliens in a 14th Century German village and the 21st Century discovery of the event. The interaction between a brilliant human theologian and rather ordinary denizens of an advanced civilization challenges chronologically based prejudices. 2007 Hugo Award nominee (*****)

  • Vernor Vinge: Rainbows End: A Novel With One Foot In The Future

    Vernor Vinge: Rainbows End: A Novel With One Foot In The Future
    In a near future in which every crank can deploy WMD's that make contemporary Islamofascists look like schoolboys, a poet who has lost his talent and his spunky granddaughter find themselves up against a conspiracy to solve the world's problems by eliminating free will. The careful extrapolation is mixed with some silly ideas and burdened with a sentimental Alzheimer's recovery story. 2007 Hugo Award nominee (****)

  • Charles Stross: Glasshouse

    Charles Stross: Glasshouse
    Set after the post-Singularity future of the author's other writings, this novel follows a hero who must lose his memory and change his sex to infiltrate a recreated 1950's world that may be central to a plot to set up a dictatorship based on computer viruses. 2007 Hugo Award nominee (*****)

  • Peter Watts: Blindsight

    Peter Watts: Blindsight
    The exploration of a giant alien artifact twists that familiar subgenre with a plausible, though ultimately unconvincing, argument that human self-awareness is a deleterious evolutionary accident. Characters include a vampire, a linguist with multiple personalities, a couple of cyborgs and a narrator whose special skill is absence of empathy. 2007 Hugo Award nominee (****)

  • Naomi Novik: His Majesty's Dragon (Temeraire, Book 1)

    Naomi Novik: His Majesty's Dragon (Temeraire, Book 1)
    Horatio Hornblower in the skies. In a fantasy parallel world exactly like the Europe of the Napoleonic Wars except for the addition of giant dragons, stalwart Englishmen and their draconian companions thwart Bonaparte's foul designs. Fun but lighter than air. 2007 Hugo Award nominee (***)

  • Tim Powers: Three Days to Never: A Novel

    Tim Powers: Three Days to Never: A Novel
    Time travel, ghosts, Albert Einstein's daughter, ancient conspiracies, a blind assassin, a Mossad agent who will die if he hears the telephone ring: With his customary bravura and skill, Tim Powers fashions a coherent and exciting story out of a strange assortment of materials. (*****)

  • Tobias S. Buckell: Crystal Rain

    Tobias S. Buckell: Crystal Rain
    An inventive tale of a human colony isolated from galactic civilization, split between warring cultures and caught up in a vast conflict between alien races. Characters include an amnesiac ex-hero who wants to spend a peaceful retirement with his family, a quasi-human killing machine, a spy desperate to betray his masters, and a harried female dictator. Deserving of Hugo consideration. (****)

  • James Patrick Kelly: Burn

    James Patrick Kelly: Burn
    In a galaxy-spanning future, the planet Walden is a self-proclaimed "paradise" founded on simplicity and rejection of high technology. It also faces the problems of terrorism and disillusion, recounted through the story of a firefighter with a soul-corroding secret. A well-wrought picture of a distinctly odd society, with a plot whose moral dilemmas evade pat answers. Nominated for the Best Novella Hugo Award for 2006. (*****)

  • Rodney Bolt: History Play : The Lives and Afterlife of Christopher Marlowe

    Rodney Bolt: History Play : The Lives and Afterlife of Christopher Marlowe
    A pseudo-history springing from the premise that Shakespeare's flashy predecessor survived the famous Deptford brawl and fled to the continent, where he secretly wrote almost all of the Bard's works. A clever, tongue-in-cheek reworking of literary history, with the bonus of vividly recreating the milieu shared by many real Elizabethan exiles. (****)

  • Robert Ferrigno: Prayers for the Assassin

    Robert Ferrigno: Prayers for the Assassin
    A combination of suspense novel and a plausible vision of America after a Moslem takeover. It loses a star only because defeating the super-villain is just a trifle too easy. Review. (****)

  • Terry Pratchett: Thud!

    Terry Pratchett: Thud!
    After 30 books, one might fear that Discworld is in danger of fatigue. Au contraire, this witty, vigorous tale of the culmination of an ages-old conflict between dwarfs and trolls, with Sam Vimes and Ankh-Morpork in the middle, is one of the strongest volumes yet. (*****)

  • Neil Gaiman: Anansi Boys

    Neil Gaiman: Anansi Boys
    Calling this comic novel a "sequel" to American Gods conveys the wrong impression. Anansi Boys is smaller in scope, funnier and more humane, though it likewise tells a story of dwindling gods adrift in the contemporary world. Anti-hero "Spider" steals the show and begs to be played by Will Smith in the movie version. (*****)

  • Stephen L. Antczak: Daydreams Undertaken

    Stephen L. Antczak: Daydreams Undertaken
    15 SF tales, mostly from "little" magazines, in which weird events affecting weird people are recounted as if they happened every day. This volume may be a high-priced cult item 20 years from now. (****)

  • Connie Willis: Inside Job

    Connie Willis: Inside Job
    The editor of a paranormal-skeptic magazine and his beautiful assistant encounter a most unlikely ghost: ueber-skeptic H. L. Mencken. Connie Willis in her lightest, funniest vein. Nominated for the Best Novella Hugo Award for 2006. (*****)

  • Matthew Pearl: The Dante Club

    Matthew Pearl: The Dante Club
    Literary mystery involving Boston's post-Civil War intellectual elite in a series of atrocious murders inspired by Dante's Divine Comedy. Weak as a whodunit, strong on atmosphere. (****)

  • David Selbourne: The City of Light: The Hidden Journal of the Man Who Entered China Four Years Before Marco Polo

    David Selbourne: The City of Light: The Hidden Journal of the Man Who Entered China Four Years Before Marco Polo
    Supposedly the journal of Jewish merchant who visited China c. 1270, this historical novel uses an encounter between Judaism and medieval China as a springboard for a lightly disguised examination of contemporary political and moral issues. Since Selbourne is a fascinating thinker, his characters' thoughts are fascinating, too. (****)

  • Iain Pears: An Instance of the Fingerpost

    Iain Pears: An Instance of the Fingerpost
    Mystery set in Restoration England. The murder of an Oxford don is recounted from four widely different viewpoints. Heavy on period detail. Metamorphoses into theological fantasy at the end, which may displease some readers. (****)

  • Steven E. Plaut: The Scout

    Steven E. Plaut: The Scout
    Short novel based on the true story of an Arab scout in Israeli service. (****)

  • John Derbyshire: Fire from the Sun

    John Derbyshire: Fire from the Sun
    Three-decker novel about the contrasting, intersecting lives of a Chinese boy and girl, born in the same mainland village and brought to America by force of circumstances. Romantic and compelling. (****)

  • H. N. Turteltaub [Harry Turtledove]: The Sacred Land

    H. N. Turteltaub [Harry Turtledove]: The Sacred Land
    Third volume in a series of seafaring adventures set in the Hellenistic era. Ill-matched merchant cousins Menedemos and Sostratos seek profit in exotic Tyre and Jerusalem. (*****)

  • Robert J. Sawyer: Humans (Neanderthal Parallax, vol. 2)

    Robert J. Sawyer: Humans (Neanderthal Parallax, vol. 2)
    2004 Hugo Award nominee. Middle volume of a trilogy, and it shows. A novelette's worth of plot as man and woman from parallel worlds slowly and predictably fall in love. (***)

  • Terry Pratchett: A Hat Full of Sky

    Terry Pratchett: A Hat Full of Sky
    Ostensible children's book that will also appeal to adults. The education of a young witch — far more "realistic" than Harry Potter. (*****)

  • E. Viollet-Le-Duc: Annals of a Fortress: Twenty-Two Centuries of Siege Warfare

    E. Viollet-Le-Duc: Annals of a Fortress: Twenty-Two Centuries of Siege Warfare
    This combined novel and treatise traces the history of an imaginary French fortress from the 4th Century B.C. through the Napoleonic Wars, featuring detailed accounts of seven sieges. (****)

  • Lois McMaster Bujold: Paladin of Souls

    Lois McMaster Bujold: Paladin of Souls
    2004 Hugo Award Best Novel. A middle-aged heroine and worked-out imaginary paganism set this book apart from run-of-the-sword medievalesque fantasy. Hinging the plot on the nuances of a made-up theology was less clever. Sequel to The Curse of Chalion, with different characters brought to the foreground. (****)

  • Jasper Fforde: The Well of Lost Plots

    Jasper Fforde: The Well of Lost Plots
    Thursday Next continues her hectic adventures in a universe where books come alive, literally. Newcomers should start with The Eyre Affair (****)

  • H. N. Turteltaub [Harry Turtledove]: Over the Wine-Dark Sea

    H. N. Turteltaub [Harry Turtledove]: Over the Wine-Dark Sea
    First in a series of O'Brian-like nautical adventures set in the tumultuous times following the death of Alexander the Great. The Aubrey and Maturin are merchant cousins, devil-may-care Menedemos and intellectual Sostratos, who roam the Mediterranean looking for profit and girls, while avoiding storms, pirates and jealous husbands. Meandering plot but great fun. (*****)

  • Charles W. Chesnutt: Stories, Novels, and Essays (Library of America, 131)

    Charles W. Chesnutt: Stories, Novels, and Essays (Library of America, 131)
    Fiction and essays by a black American writer who deserves a wider audience. (****)

  • Dan Simmons: Ilium

    Dan Simmons: Ilium
    2004 Hugo Award nominee. The Trojan War, high-tech deities, robots from the outer reaches of the Solar System and an Eloi-like Earth combine in typically weird Simmons fashion. Alas, much waits to be explicated in the sequel. (****)

  • Harry Turtledove: Gunpowder Empire

    Harry Turtledove: Gunpowder Empire
    Debut of a juvenile series set in parallel worlds. 22nd century teen siblings, trapped without adult aid in a besieged city, must cope with the bizarre (to them) customs and prejudices of a never-fallen Roman Empire. [Rating is for 11-17 year olds; adults may find the book too didactic and unsubtle for their tastes.] (*****)

  • Terry Pratchett: Going Postal

    Terry Pratchett: Going Postal
    A small-time con man must choose between death and the Ankh-Morpork post office - and takes the more dangerous option. Big business, fraud, low-tech hacking, young love and general hilarity. Pratchett's best novel since Pyramids. (*****)

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Monday, June 25, 2007

Comments

“Waite’s dictum (merely an extrapolation from the Darmouth College case
(1819), which held that the Contracts Clause protects corporations) had, of
course, no precedential value. The reason why judges have universally
adopted his view is that it is the only one that makes sense.”

The Contracts Clause applies to the States, not to the Federal government.
At the time of the Dartmouth decision, there was no Fourteenth Amendment to
consider, however, its equal protection clause also applies only to the
States.

Corporations are not defined as persons by the Consitution and the Federal
government most certainly has the power to regulate corporations. At best,
the Constitution, as demonstrated by Dartmouth, protects corporations from
State interference with their obligations.

There is nothing in the Constitution barring Congress from limiting the
behavior, including the political speech, of corporations.

“The modern corporation didn’t exist in 1776. Among other differences, the
grant of a corporate charter was generally believed to convey monopoly
rights”

As Adam Smith observed, "To widen the market and to narrow the competition
is always the interest of the dealer." The natural tendency of
corporations is to seek monopoly, whether granted by the crown or secured
through market competition or collusion. There is nothing in the
composition of the modern corporation that was not understood by the
Founders.

“Individuals have the full array of Constitutional rights. Does Mr. Hodges
think that they are “uncontrollable” or that the extent of their liberty is
a bad idea?”

I think it is certainly worth questioning whether or not corporations should
be considered “persons” under the Constitution. Your "extrapolation" from
Dartmouth makes the unlikely assumption that Constitutional barriers
against State regulation would follow to the Federal government. I do not
believe that was the understanding of the Founders or of those who passed
the Fourteenth Amendment.

pbh

As a compromise in the spirit of Jefferson and Madison (I mean Madison before he decided that the Bank of the US was OK after all) I suggest that we count a corporation as three-fifths of a person.

The notion that Chief Justice Waite sneaked corporate personhood into Constitutional law is a liberal urban legend. He did indeed write a preface to Justice Harlan’s opinion in Santa Clara County v. Southern Pacific Railroad Co., 118 U.S. 394 (1886), in which he stated that the Court would not consider –

whether the provisions in the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution which forbade a state to deny any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the Constitution, applied to these corporations. We are all of the opinion that it does. [id. at 396]

The evident motive for that statement was the fact that counsel for the parties had centered their arguments on the Constitutional issue. The Court instead decided the case on a narrow point of statutory interpretation.

Waite’s dictum (merely an extrapolation from the Darmouth College case (1819), which held that the Contracts Clause protects corporations) had, of course, no precedential value. The reason why judges have universally adopted his view is that it is the only one that makes sense. A corporation is simply a mechanism by which natural persons pool their resources to carry on an enterprise. Limiting its First, Fifth and Fourteenth Amendment rights and protections abridges those of its owners. That fact is particularly clear in this case. Wisconsin Right to Life, Inc. is incorporated, but its raison d’être is to advocate its members’ positions on matters of public policy. Silencing it silences them.

Let me add that Mr. Hodges’s idea that “The Founders, most significantly Madison and Jefferson, feared and abhorred corporate power and their participation in the Revolution was predicated on their opposition to the corporate corruption of the British Crown” is delightfully anachronistic. The modern corporation didn’t exist in 1776. Among other differences, the grant of a corporate charter was generally believed to convey monopoly rights, a position not thoroughly expunged from American law until Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge (1837). There was good reason to object to government-guaranteed monopolies, then and now.

And, as every student of history knows, Jefferson and Madison opposed the First Bank of the United States because they denied that Congress possessed the power to establish a bank, not out of a generalized dread of “corporate power”.

Finally, I can’t help but wonder at “By implication, the decision in Wisconsin Right to Life Inc. suggests that the Roberts’ [sic] Court is prepared to extend the rights of corporations to such an extent that they will be literally uncontrollable by regulation, law or mandate.” Individuals have the full array of Constitutional rights. Does Mr. Hodges think that they are “uncontrollable” or that the extent of their liberty is a bad idea?

"you can't prove a point about What the Founders Believed by appealing to one side of a dispute between Founders."

Disputes between the Founders regarding the permissibility of corporations notwithstanding, the issue is whether or not Equal Protection should be extended to such entities.

Or, do you claim that Hamilton actually advocated that?

pbh

Never mind. I trust it will be obvious to everyone else-- even those who might otherwose succumb to your Argument from Insufficient Authority-- that you can't prove a point about What the Founders Believed by appealing to one side of a dispute between Founders.

"Hamilton is generally regarded as one of the Founders."

Who said he wasn't?

The fact that Madison and Jefferson miscomprehended Hamilton's purpose does not deny their actual concern for protections against corporate power.

Hamilton's status is not an issue. Your ability, or willingness, to analyze an argument evidently is.

pbh

I see that neither Mr. Hodges' wit nor his manners seem to have improved during his blessedly long absence.

Little clue: Hamilton is generally regarded as one of the Founders.

"all four of the Supreme Court’s “liberals” voted, in Federal Election Commission v. Wisconsin Right to Life Inc., in favor of the government’s power to prohibit organizations from urging individuals to contact their Senators about particular issues during the 60 days before an election."

In its decision, the Roberts' Court endorsed a view of corporate rights very much in line with the Waite Court of the Reconstruction era. That Court, not only recognized corporations as persons, but, in dicta to Santa Clara v Southern Pacific, extended Fourteenth Amendment protection to such corporate "persons".

This summation of the case, which was never argued in the case, was never argued prior to or after the case, which was never decided in any case ever, became the foundation not only for the theory of corporate personhood, but more significantly of the extension of equal protection to corporations.

The Founders, most significantly Madison and Jefferson, feared and abhorred corporate power and their participation in the Revolution was predicated on their opposition to the corporate corruption of the British Crown. When Hamilton proposed to incorporate a National Bank, Madison and Jefferson fought it so bitterly that they deserted Washington's government to establish the first opposition party in American politics.

In decision after decision, the Waite Court found on the side of protecting corporate rights over those of the Nation's citizens, municipalities, counties and States. The fourteenth amendment, which had been intended to protect the rights of former slaves, was perverted through slight of hand, to protect the rights of bodyless constructs which had less right to be considered "persons" under the Constitution than a foetus.

By implication, the decision in Wisconsin Right to Life Inc. suggests that the Roberts' Court is prepared to extend the rights of corporations to such an extent that they will be literally uncontrollable by regulation, law or mandate.

If you think this is merely a question of free speech then you are a fool.

pbh

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